Root Canal Treatment in Citydent Istanbul

At Citydent Istanbul, we use the latest techniques and technology to perform canal treatment procedures that are safe, effective, and minimally invasive. Our team of experienced dentists work closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans based on their unique dental needs and goals. If you are in need of canal treatment, contact Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic to schedule a consultation with one of our dentists.

During your canal treatment procedure, our dentists will carefully numb the area surrounding the affected tooth to ensure your comfort throughout the procedure. They will then use specialized tools to carefully remove the damaged or infected pulp from the tooth, clean and shape the root canals, and fill and seal the space to prevent further damage or infection.


What is Root Canal Treatment: Root canal treatment is the process of removing the nerve tissue called pulp in the innermost part of the tooth, then expanding and disinfecting the canals in the tooth roots and filling the enlarged canals.


How many roots teeth have?


Most human teeth have one, two, or three roots, depending on the type of tooth. Here is a general overview of the number of roots for each type of tooth:


Incisors (Front Teeth): The upper and lower incisors, also known as the front teeth, typically have a single root each. They are used for cutting and biting food.


Canines (Cuspids): Canines, which are the pointed teeth located next to the incisors, typically have a single root each. They play a role in tearing and grasping food.


Premolars (Bicuspids): Premolars, which are located behind the canines, usually have one or two roots. They are used for grinding and chewing food. The upper premolars tend to have two roots, while the lower premolars usually have one root.


Molars: Molars, located at the back of the mouth, are the largest teeth in the dental arch. They are used for grinding and chewing food. The first and second molars can have two or three roots, with the lower molars commonly having two roots and the upper molars having three roots.


It's important to note that while the above information represents the general pattern, there can be variations in the number and shape of roots for individual teeth. Some teeth may have additional or fused roots, and anomalies can occur.


What is infected root canal treatment?

An infected root canal treatment, also known as root canal therapy or endodontic treatment, is a dental procedure performed to treat an infection or inflammation in the pulp of a tooth. The pulp is the soft tissue inside the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue.

When the pulp becomes infected or inflamed, usually due to deep decay, a cracked tooth, or trauma, it can cause severe pain and discomfort. An infected root canal treatment aims to remove the infected or damaged pulp, clean the root canals, and seal the space to prevent further infection or reinfection.


What is retreatment root canal treatment?

Retreatment root canal treatment, also known as endodontic retreatment, is a dental procedure performed when a previously treated root canal becomes infected, fails to heal, or develops new issues. It involves re-treating the tooth to address persistent or recurrent problems.


Retreatment root canal treatment can often be more complex and time-consuming than the initial root canal procedure. The dentist may encounter additional challenges, such as the presence of posts or previous restorations that need to be removed. It's important to note that retreatment is not always possible or successful in every case. In some instances, alternative treatments such as endodontic surgery or tooth extraction may be recommended. Your dentist will evaluate your specific situation and discuss the best treatment options for your particular needs.

In which circumtances there is need to root canal?

Root canal treatment is typically needed when the pulp of a tooth becomes infected or inflamed, and the infection cannot be effectively treated with a simple white filling. Here are some common circumstances where a root canal may be necessary instead of a white filling:


Severe Tooth Decay: If tooth decay has progressed deep into the tooth, reaching the pulp, a simple filling may not be sufficient to restore the tooth. In such cases, a root canal may be necessary to remove the infected pulp and save the tooth.


Cracked or Fractured Tooth: When a tooth is cracked or fractured, it can provide a pathway for bacteria to reach the pulp, leading to infection or inflammation. If the crack or fracture extends into the pulp, a root canal may be required to address the infection and preserve the tooth.


Deep Dental Trauma: Trauma to a tooth, such as a severe impact or injury, can cause damage to the pulp. If the pulp becomes infected or inflamed as a result of trauma, a root canal may be necessary to treat the infection and prevent further complications.


Repeated Dental Procedures: Sometimes, a tooth may have undergone multiple dental procedures, such as fillings or restorations, which can weaken the tooth and compromise the health of the pulp. If the pulp becomes infected or inflamed as a result of repeated dental work, a root canal may be needed to address the underlying issue.


Persistent Tooth Pain: If a tooth experiences persistent or severe pain that is not relieved by other dental treatments, it may indicate that the pulp is infected or inflamed. In such cases, a root canal can provide relief by eliminating the source of the pain.


It's important to note that the decision to perform a root canal instead of a white filling depends on the extent of the infection, the condition of the tooth, and the dentist's clinical judgment. Your dentist will evaluate your specific situation and recommend the most appropriate treatment option to address the underlying dental issue effectively.


In some cases, a white filling may be sufficient to treat minor decay or damage without involving the pulp. However, when the infection or inflammation has reached the pulp, root canal treatment becomes necessary to save the tooth and prevent further complications.


Things to Pay Attention After Root Canal Treatment


Eating After Root Canal Treatment : 

Do not eat while under the effect of anesthesia: Local anesthesia (numbing) is generally applied during root canal treatment. Since it is possible to unintentionally bite and damage soft tissues such as the tongue, lips, and cheeks until the numbness passes, eating should be avoided. Also, drinks that are too hot or too cold and can potentially harm soft tissues should be avoided.


Use the Other Side of Your Jaw Until You Heal

Use the other side of your jaw while eating until the pain subsides after root canal treatment.

If a temporary filling is placed, continue to use the other side of your jaw until the permanent filling is placed. Temporary fillings are materials that can easily wear down, break, or fall out even when they harden. If these materials break, they can damage the surrounding tooth structure, and if the tooth structure has become too thin, they can break the tooth as well.


Never Use Your Teeth for Hard Foods and Objects

Never use your tooth to crack open unopened nuts like hazelnuts or pistachios, to crack unpopped popcorn kernels, to open any bottle caps, etc., with teeth that have had root canal treatment. Do not apply any unusual force. Remember that such unusual forces can break a root canal-treated tooth more easily than a healthy tooth.


Don't Delay Treatment After Temporary Filling

If you have had a temporary filling and your pain has completely disappeared, never neglect your treatment. Many dental patients have had to have their teeth extracted a few months later due to neglecting their treatment because their pain has gone away. The disappearance of pain never indicates that the treatment is complete. Even if the root canal treatment is completed, you should not forget that a tooth that has not had a permanent filling placed on it can cause much bigger problems and can be lost in a few months.

Root Canal Treatment Problems? What To Do?

If you feel any elevation in your temporary or permanent filling after the numbness has passed, be sure to consult your dentist.

During the one-week period after treatment, using a medication with analgesic (pain-relieving) and anti-inflammatory (swelling-reducing) properties will help alleviate your discomfort and help resolve the problem more quickly. Many headache medications you may have used previously fall into this category. Examples include Majezik, Apranax, Aprol, Cataflam, Dolorex, Surgam, Artril, and others. Regardless of which medication you choose, you should consult your doctor and obtain their approval regarding dosage, potential side effects, and appropriateness. For example, Parol (paracetamol) and Minoset, which are pain relievers but do not have anti-inflammatory effects, are not very effective in these situations.

In some cases, there may be inflammatory masses at the root end of your tooth that has undergone root canal treatment. This inflammatory mass may be present there chronically and may not cause any discomfort to you. However, when various antiseptic substances are applied during the root canal treatment, the chronic inflammatory mass that is present there (dormant) may become acute, that is, awakened. In such cases, swelling, pain, and other conditions may occur in your face or the area where the tooth is located. You should use the medications recommended by your doctor and if the pain persists, you should consult your dentist.

If the swelling we mentioned spreads over a large area and there are also symptoms such as fever and fatigue, you should call your clinic or doctor directly and follow your doctor's guidance. In advanced cases like this, you will need to start taking antibiotics according to your doctor's recommendation, and your doctor will also ask you to come for frequent dressings to remove the inflammation from the area.

If your temporary filling is worn down but still covering the base of the tooth and able to seal the canals, then there is no problem. However, if most of the filling has worn away and things are getting into the canals of your tooth, place a small piece of cotton in that area and immediately contact your dentist. Keep in mind that if this type of situation lasts too long, with the tooth being completely open, your tooth may need to be extracted.

Root canal treatment is a treatment that requires a lot of effort and is a sign of the importance that your dentist gives to you and your tooth. Removing your tooth and replacing it with a bridge or implant are much easier procedures. The goal of a successful canal treatment is for the tooth to stay in your mouth for a lifetime. However, sometimes the treatment can fail due to the root of the tooth being too curved, impossible to clean lateral canals, the presence of bacteria that do not respond to any antiseptic agent, large inflammatory masses formed at the root tip, or when there is not enough tooth structure left for filling or crowning after canal treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Extraction of a tooth is typically preferred over root canal treatment in certain situations. Here are some common scenarios where extraction may be recommended instead of root canal treatment:


Severe Tooth Damage: If a tooth is severely damaged or fractured, to the extent that it cannot be effectively restored through root canal treatment and a dental crown, extraction may be the preferred option. This can occur when the tooth structure is extensively compromised, making it difficult to achieve a successful and long-lasting restoration.


Advanced Tooth Decay: When tooth decay has progressed to an advanced stage, compromising a significant portion of the tooth structure, extraction may be necessary. If the decay has severely weakened the tooth and compromised its structural integrity, it may not be feasible to restore the tooth through root canal treatment and a dental crown.


Untreatable Infection: In some cases, a tooth may have a severe infection that cannot be effectively treated with root canal therapy. If the infection has spread extensively or if there is inadequate tooth structure remaining to support a restoration, extraction may be the recommended course of action.


Periodontal Disease: When a tooth is affected by advanced periodontal (gum) disease, it can cause significant damage to the supporting structures, including the bone and gums around the tooth. If the tooth becomes loose and cannot be saved through periodontal treatment or root canal therapy, extraction may be necessary.


Orthodontic Considerations: In certain orthodontic cases, where there is severe crowding or misalignment, extraction of one or more teeth may be recommended to create space for proper alignment of the remaining teeth. This is a strategic decision made by an orthodontist as part of an overall treatment plan.


It's important to note that the decision between root canal treatment and tooth extraction depends on various factors, including the specific condition of the tooth, its position in the mouth, the overall oral health of the patient, and the patient's preferences. Your dentist or oral surgeon will assess your individual situation, discuss the pros and cons of each option, and make a recommendation based on what is best for your oral health and overall well-being.

After canal treatment, teeth can become more brittle and lose some of their flexibility. If there is not enough remaining tooth structure and there is a high risk of the remaining tooth breaking in the future, your dentist may recommend a crown to be placed immediately after the permanent filling. In some cases, instead of a regular filling, special fillings made in a laboratory and then bonded to the tooth (called inlay/onlay) may be required. Although these extra treatments may come at an additional cost, they help ensure that your tooth, which has undergone canal treatment, remains in your mouth for many years.

Here's an overview of the steps involved in an infected root canal treatment:

  1. Examination and X-rays: The dentist will examine the tooth and may take X-rays to assess the extent of the infection and determine if root canal treatment is necessary.

  2. Local Anesthesia: Before starting the procedure, the dentist will administer a local anesthetic to numb the area around the affected tooth. This ensures that you remain comfortable and pain-free during the treatment.

  3. Access and Pulp Removal: The dentist will create a small opening in the tooth to access the infected pulp. Using specialized instruments, they will carefully remove the infected or damaged pulp from the root canals.

  4. Cleaning and Shaping: The root canals will be thoroughly cleaned, and they may be shaped to allow for effective disinfection and filling.

  5. Irrigation and Medication: The root canals are irrigated with antimicrobial solutions to eliminate bacteria and disinfect the area. In some cases, a medication may be placed inside the canals to further aid in the elimination of bacteria.

  6. Filling and Sealing: Once the canals are clean and dry, they are filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha. The dentist will seal the access opening with a temporary or permanent filling.

  7. Restoration: In most cases, a tooth that has undergone root canal treatment will require a dental crown or other restoration to strengthen and protect the tooth. The dentist will discuss the appropriate restoration options for the specific tooth.


Infected root canal treatment is typically performed over one or more dental visits, depending on the complexity of the case. After the treatment, you may experience some mild discomfort, which can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers. It is important to follow the dentist's post-treatment instructions and attend any recommended follow-up visits.

The price of root canal treatment can depend on the number of root canals involved in the tooth being treated. Here are some reasons why the cost may vary based on the number of root canals:

  1. Complexity of the Procedure: The number of root canals directly affects the complexity and time required for the root canal treatment. Teeth with a single root canal are generally less complex to treat compared to teeth with multiple canals. The more root canals present, the more intricate the procedure becomes, which can impact the cost.

  2. Treatment Materials: The cost of the materials used in root canal treatment, such as files, irrigation solutions, and filling materials, can vary based on the number of root canals being treated. Teeth with more root canals may require a larger quantity of materials, which can contribute to the overall cost.

  3. Treatment Time: Root canal treatment for teeth with multiple canals may take longer to complete compared to teeth with a single canal. The additional time spent by the dentist or endodontist during the procedure can influence the cost of the treatment.

  4. Specialist Involvement: In some cases, teeth with multiple root canals or complex canal anatomy may require the expertise of an endodontist, who is a specialist in root canal treatment. Endodontic specialists may have higher fees for their services compared to general dentists, which can impact the overall cost.

Root Canal Treatment: Root canal treatment, which involves removing the infected or damaged pulp from the tooth, is generally the most common and straightforward procedure. It is often the least expensive among the three. The cost can vary depending on factors such as the tooth location, complexity, and the fees charged by the dentist. On average, the cost of a standard root canal treatment can range from lower to mid-range in terms of overall cost.


Infected Root Canal Treatment: Infected root canal treatment typically involves addressing an active infection in the tooth. This may require additional procedures to control the infection, such as drainage of abscesses or the use of antibiotics. The cost of infected root canal treatment is generally higher than that of a standard root canal treatment due to the added complexity and potential need for supplementary interventions. It can be in the mid to higher range of the cost spectrum.


Retreatment Root Canal Treatment: Retreatment root canal treatment is performed when a previously treated tooth requires further treatment due to persistent or recurrent issues. This procedure involves reopening the tooth, removing the previous filling material, and addressing any new problems. Retreatment root canal treatment is often the most complex and time-consuming of the three procedures. As a result, it can be the most expensive among them, falling in the higher range of the cost spectrum.


It's important to note that the specific prices for these procedures can vary significantly depending on various factors, such as  the tooth's condition, and any necessary additional treatments or restorations.

To obtain accurate price comparisons for your specific case, it is best to consult us Citydent Dental Clinic Istanbul . We will evaluate your individual needs, assess the complexity of the treatment required, and provide you with specific information regarding the cost differences between root canal treatment, infected root canal treatment, and retreatment root canal treatment.




The price of a white filling is typically not included in the cost of root canal treatment.

Root canal treatment specifically focuses on removing the infected or damaged pulp from the tooth and treating the root canals. The restoration of the access opening, which is typically done with a dental filling, is considered a separate procedure.

After the completion of the root canal treatment, the dentist will discuss the need for restoration and the options available. This may include placing a white filling, a dental crown, or other restorative options to protect and strengthen the treated tooth.

The cost of the white filling or any other restoration needed after root canal treatment is separate from the cost of the root canal procedure itself. The specific cost for the filling will depend on factors such as the size of the filling, the material used, and the location of the dental office.

The treatment time for a root canal procedure can vary depending on various factors, including the tooth's location, complexity of the case, the number of root canals involved, and the dentist's experience. On average, a root canal treatment typically takes one to two appointments, each lasting approximately 30 to 90 minutes. However, it's important to note that these are general estimates, and the actual treatment time can vary.

During the first appointment, the dentist will examine the tooth, take X-rays if necessary, administer local anesthesia to ensure your comfort, and create an access opening to reach the infected pulp. The infected pulp is then removed, and the root canals are cleaned, shaped, and disinfected. In some cases, an antimicrobial medication may be placed in the canals to eliminate any remaining bacteria. The canals are then sealed with a biocompatible material.

In certain situations, the dentist may choose to leave the tooth open for a few days to allow any infection to drain and prescribe antibiotics if needed. In such cases, a second appointment is scheduled to complete the root canal treatment, during which the canals are filled and sealed permanently. A temporary filling may be placed to protect the tooth until a permanent restoration, such as a dental crown, can be placed.

It's important to keep in mind that these time estimates are general guidelines, and the actual treatment time can vary based on the complexity of your case, the specific tooth involved, and any additional procedures required. Your dentist will provide you with a more accurate estimate based on your individual situation.


It is a solution to stop tooth ache and sensitivity problems that cannot be solved by fillings.

Root canal treatment allows you to keep your natural teeth in your mouth for a longer period.

It is an alternative to tooth extraction.

If root canal treatment is an option for your case, you do not need to go under other treatments such as dental implants and bridging.



As your tooth loses its vitality after root canal treatment, it becomes less flexible and more fragile in time.

There may occur a slight discoloration in the long term.

This method may lead to aesthetic problems, particularly for the front teeth.

The decayed parts of the tooth are cleared under local anesthesia.

The nerve tissue is removed by using special tools and the root canals are cleaned and extended.

If there is too much inflammation in the tooth, certain medications are applied within the root and the tooth is filled with a temporary filling. The medications are renewed at certain intervals.

If there is not too much inflammation, the root canals that were extended in the first session, are filled permanently with an appropriate canal filling.

Finally, the permanent filling is applied (If the remaining tooth tissue is too thin, other processes such as crowning may be required in order to prevent fractures).


tissue is thin, a coating or similar treatment may be required to prevent the tooth from breaking after the filling.)

The success rate of root canal treatments that are properly carried out in suitable environments is almost 90 percent.
A success rate of 95 % or more is possible by using advanced technologies. In cases where the root canals are blocked or if the inflammation is too much to be treated with root canal therapy, other surgical methods may be preferred to preserve patient’s natural teeth

Apex locator: It is a device that provides the most reliable and accurate results in canal-length measurements and has a direct effect on the success of treatment.

Phosphor plate: It provides the most detailed X-ray images.

Rotary-reciprocal system: It helps to extend the canal roots quickly and comfortably with a 3D vision.

Sonic wash: It allows maximum root disinfection through vibrations.

Root canal treatment prices may vary according to the number of roots to be treated, and the number of roots can only be understood after x-rays. It may be necessary to fill the tooth after root canal treatment, and filling prices are generally charged separately. We recommend that you learn the techniques and filling information used for the channel during the price learning phase. You can call or use the information form to learn about our root canal treatment fees.