Turkey Teeth Implants
If you are searching for tooth implant in Turkey, Citydent Istanbul would be an excellent choice. We are one of pioneering dental clinics, not only in Turkey but also in Europe, offering advanced dental implant solutions. Our services include screw-retained crowns over implants, aesthetic fixed temporary teeth, titanium bar over implants, and monolithic and multilayer zirconia solutions. Our entire process is carried out using digital dentistry, including 3D imaging, planning, design, and advanced in house high-tech lab solutions at Citydent Istanbul. In Citydent Istanbul, out of our 17 dentists, three are solely responsible for implant surgery, while nine of our dentists specialize in implant-supported prosthetics.
You can easily access all the advantages we offer, as well as other implant-related information, on our teeth implant main page. Contacting us via WhatsApp, form, phone, or email will allow you to learn about your treatment options and obtain information about teeth implants Turkey price of Citydent Istanbul.
If you are seeking teeth implants in Turkey, you can find general advices under the following headings.
Why Do People Choose Turkey for Teeth Implants?
Teeth implant cost in Turkey: Turkey offers affordable tooth implant treatment, often at a fraction of the cost of treatment in other countries. This makes it an attractive option for those who are looking for high-quality dental care at a reasonable price.
Experienced professionals in Turkey for tooth implant treatment: Turkey has a large number of highly trained and experienced dental professionals who specialize in dental implant treatment. Many of these professionals have studied and worked in other countries and bring this expertise to their practice in Turkey.
Advanced tooth implant technology in Turkey: Dental clinics in Turkey are equipped with state-of-the-art technology, including advanced imaging and tooth implant placement systems, ensuring that patients receive the best possible care.
Accessibility: Turkey is a geographically convenient location for many people, as it is easily accessible from Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
Tourist attractions: Turkey offers a unique cultural and tourist experience, with historic landmarks, beautiful scenery, and delicious cuisine, making it an attractive destination for dental tourism.
High-quality tooth implant materials in Turkey: Dental teeth implant treatment in Turkey uses high-quality materials, such as zirconia and titanium, which are durable and long-lasting.
Comprehensive tooth implant treatment plans: Dental clinics in Turkey offer comprehensive teeth implant treatment plans that take into account the individual needs and preferences of each patient, ensuring that they receive the best possible care and results.
Overall, choosing Istanbul Turkey's teeth implant treatment can offer high-quality care at an affordable price, with experienced professionals, advanced technology, and a unique cultural experience.
Disadvantages of getting tooth implant treatment in Turkey
Language barrier: If you don't speak Turkish, communication with dental professionals and clinic staff may be difficult. However, many dental clinics in Turkey have English / French / German / Arabic -speaking staff or provide translation services to help overcome this barrier.
Travel costs: While the cost of dental tooth implant treatment in Turkey is often lower than in other countries, there may be additional costs associated with travel, such as flights, accommodations, and transportation especially in high seasons.
Cultural differences: Turkey has a unique culture and way of life that may be unfamiliar to some visitors. This can sometimes result in discomfort or misunderstandings, especially if you are not accustomed to the local customs and practices.
Lack of aftercare: Once you return home after your dental implant treatment, that would be difficult to return again. It's important to discuss this with your dental professional in Turkey and have a plan in place for ongoing care.
Unqualified clinics: While there are many reputable dental clinics in Turkey, there is also the risk of encountering unscrupulous providers who offer substandard treatment or use low-quality materials. To avoid this, it's important to do your research and choose a reputable dental clinic with a proven track record of success.
Overall, while dental implant treatment in Turkey can offer many benefits, it's important to weigh the potential risks and disadvantages before making a decision.
Where can I complain if I have a problem with my teeth implant treatment in Turkey?
If you have a problem with your teeth implant treatment in Turkey, the first step is to contact your dental clinic or the dental professional who performed the procedure. They will be able to evaluate your concerns and provide you with potential solutions.
If you are not satisfied with the response from the dental clinic or professional, you can file a complaint with the Turkish Dental Association (TDB) or the Turkish Ministry of Health. The TDB is a professional organization that represents dentists in Turkey and can help mediate disputes between patients and dental professionals. The Ministry of Health is the government agency responsible for regulating and overseeing healthcare providers in Turkey.
Additionally, if you received treatment through a dental tourism agency, you may be able to file a complaint with them as well. It's important to keep all relevant documentation and records related to your treatment, including invoices, receipts, and medical reports, to support your complaint.
Overall, it's important to address any issues or concerns with your teeth implant treatment in Turkey as soon as possible and seek resolution through the appropriate channels.
Teeth implants Turkey price?
Are you looking for affordable tooth implant treatment options? Look no further than Turkey, where dental implant procedures can be done at a fraction of the cost compared to many other countries. "Teeth implants Turkey price" varies depending on several factors, including the number of implants needed, the type of implant used, and the individual clinic's pricing. At Citydent Istanbul, we offer affordable teeth implants prices for our dental implant treatment while using only high-quality materials and state-of-the-art technology. Our experienced dentists are committed to delivering exceptional patient care and top-quality results, ensuring that you receive the best possible care for your dental implant needs.
Learning Turkey teeth implant prices at Citydent Istanbul is so easy. Just reach out to us via WhatsApp, our contact form, email, or a phone call to inquire about teeth implant prices at Citydent Istanbul. By providing us with additional information or sharing your X-ray or CT scan, we can offer you a more comprehensive treatment plan along with detailed teeth implants prices of Istanbul Citydent.
Contact Citydent Istanbul today to learn more about our affordable tooth implant treatment options in Turkey, or to schedule a consultation that is totally free of charge, including X-ray and CT scan.
Turkey Teeth Implants Questions
Corrected and formatted for clarity:
Some clinics in Turkey make unrealistic guarantees for teeth implants, like lifetime warranties or extended prosthesis guarantees. However, lifetime warranties and very long-term guarantees can be deceptive. While some implant companies replace teeth implants free of charge if they fail within a lifetime, this doesn't cover surgical costs, materials, or prosthetics.
Some places offer verbal guarantees for advertising, while others make grand claims but have numerous conditions in written guarantee forms. Some provide written guarantees that might not hold legal weight. When seeking guarantees:
- Ensure there's a legally valid written guarantee form.
- Read all conditions thoroughly.
- Ensure you have a signed guarantee.
- Be wary of unrealistic offers; health services can't realistically cover everything or offer lifetime guarantees.
- Investigate the clinic's track record for such claims.
If you wish to understand the warranty terms and conditions of City Dent Istanbul, our patient coordinators are ready to assist you. Feel free to contact them for further information.
Istanbul Chamber of Dentists / İstanbul dişhekimleri odası https://www.ido.org.tr/
Turkish Dental Association / Türk Diş Hekimleri Birliği https://www.tdb.org.tr/
Ministry of Health / Sağlık Bakanlığı https://www.saglik.gov.tr/
Uluslararası Hasta Destek Birimi Tercümanlık ve Çağrı Merkezi / International Patient Support Unit, Interpreting, and Call Center 444 47 28 "A call center service affiliated with the Ministry of Health is launching a 24/7 service catering to patients and tourists from abroad. The service will provide assistance in German, English, Arabic, Russian, Farsi, and French."
Some of the poplular tooth implant brands in Turkey:
Straumann: Straumann is a well-known and widely used dental implant brand globally. They offer a range of implant options suitable for various clinical situations.
Nobel Biocare: Nobel Biocare is another reputable dental implant brand with a strong presence in Turkey. They are known for their high-quality implant systems and prosthetic solutions.
Osstem: Osstem implants are recognized for their innovation and are widely used in dental implant treatments.
Hiossen: Hiossen implants are known for their simplicity and versatility, making them suitable for a wide range of clinical scenarios.
Medentica: Medentica implants are designed to provide excellent primary stability and are often chosen for their reliability in clinical practice.
Zimmer Biomet: Zimmer Biomet offers a variety of dental implant solutions, and their implants are recognized for their durability and performance.
Please note that the choice of tooth implant should always be made in consultation with a qualified dentist or oral surgeon based on individual patient needs and oral health considerations.
Certainly, you have the flexibility to choose where you would like your prosthesis to be fabricated following your tooth implant procedures at Citydent Istanbul. Our comprehensive implant services are tailored to cater to a wide range of patient preferences and needs. If you decide to have your prosthesis created elsewhere, we are ready to collaborate, providing crucial information and furnishing necessary materials to ensure a seamless transition and outstanding results. Our primary goal is to provide outstanding care and results throughout your entire dental implant journey. We prioritize your satisfaction and comfort, ensuring that your individual choices and preferences are respected and supported. Your smile and dental health are of paramount importance to us, Istanbul Ciydent, and we are committed to delivering the highest quality of service at every step of the process.
Absolutely, you are indeed free to choose. At Citydent, we take great pride in our ability to accommodate a wide range of implant brands and systems. In fact, we maintain an extensive collection of implant libraries and tools that are compatible with various brands available in the market. This versatility allows Citydent Istanbul to seamlessly continue your implant treatment journey, regardless of where your initial implant procedure took place.
Furthermore, within Citydent Istanbul's state-of-the-art facilities, we have in-house milling machines at our disposal. These machines are equipped with cutting-edge 3D dentistry technology, enabling us to create custom abutments for your implants if needed. This means that we have the capability to provide you with tailored solutions that perfectly align with your specific requirements and preferences.
Our comprehensive approach to tooth implant dentistry ensures that you have the freedom to make choices that suit you best. Whether you opt to have your prosthesis created with us or elsewhere, rest assured that our skilled professionals are dedicated to delivering exceptional outcomes. We are committed to providing the highest level of care, utilizing the latest technology and resources to enhance your dental health and ensure your complete satisfaction throughout your implant treatment journey.
National Holidays in Turkey if you are looking for Turkey teeth implants :
New Year's Day (January 1): Most businesses, including dental clinics in Turkey, are closed on New Year's Day. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is closed
April 23 National Sovereignty and Children's Day (23 Nisan): April 23 is a significant national holiday in Turkey, celebrated as both National Sovereignty and Children's Day. While there may be dental clinics that stay open, it's wise to confirm their holiday hours by contacting the particular clinic. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is open
August 30 Victory Day (30 Ağustos): August 30 is celebrated as Victory Day in Turkey, commemorating the victory in the Battle of Dumlupınar. It is a public holiday, and some businesses, including dental clinics, may be closed or have limited hours. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is open
Republic Day (October 29): Republic Day is another important national holiday in Turkey. While some dental clinics may be open, it's advisable to check with the specific clinic regarding their holiday schedule. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is open
Labor and Solidarity Day (May 1 - 1 Mayıs): May 1 is Labor and Solidarity Day in Turkey, and it is a public holiday. Although some clinics might remain operational, it's recommended to verify the holiday schedule with the individual clinic. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is closed
Religious Holidays (Bayrams):
Ramadan Bayram (Eid al-Fitr): This holiday marks the end of Ramadan and lasts for three days. It is a time of celebration, and dental clinics may have limited hours or be closed during this period. The dates of Ramadan Bayram change each year in accordance with the Islamic lunar calendar. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is closed
Kurban Bayram (Eid al-Adha): Kurban Bayram is another important religious holiday, lasting for four days. Like Ramadan Bayram, dental clinics may have limited hours or be closed during this holiday. The dates of Kurban Bayram also vary each year based on the Islamic lunar calendar. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is closed
Sacrifice Feast Eve (Arefe): The day before Kurban Bayram begins, known as Arefe, is also a significant holiday when many businesses, including dental clinics, may be closed or have limited hours. Citydent Istanbul Dental Clinic is open
Please keep in mind that the exact dates of religious holidays change each year based on the Islamic lunar calendar, so it's essential to check the specific dates for the year you plan to visit. Additionally, while some dental clinics may choose to remain open during these holidays, it's advisable to confirm their schedules in advance when planning your dental implant treatment.
The suitability of months for teeth implants in Istanbul, Turkey, can vary depending on individual preferences and considerations. However, there are some general factors to keep in mind:
Weather: Istanbul experiences a range of weather conditions throughout the year. Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) are often considered the most pleasant months for dental tourism. The weather is typically mild, with comfortable temperatures for outdoor activities and travel.
Tourist Season: Istanbul is a popular tourist destination, and the summer months (June to August) tend to be the peak tourist season. During this time, the city can be crowded, and prices for accommodations and flights may be higher. Therefore, some patients prefer to avoid the peak summer season for dental treatments.
Holiday Season: In Istanbul, Turkey, during Muslim religious holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr (Ramadan Bayram) and Eid al-Adha (Kurban Bayram), many businesses including dental clinics may close or have limited operating hours. These holidays are significant in the Islamic calendar, and it's essential for travelers and patients to be aware of these dates when planning their dental implant treatments in Istanbul.
Treatment Availability: Dental clinics in Istanbul typically operate year-round, so you can schedule your dental implant treatment at your convenience. It's a good idea to coordinate with your chosen clinic to ensure they have availability during your preferred time frame.
Personal Comfort: Consider your own comfort and preferences regarding weather. Some patients may find it more comfortable to undergo dental procedures during milder seasons when extreme temperatures are less likely.
Travel Plans: If you plan to combine your dental treatment with sightseeing and tourism, you should choose a time of year that aligns with your travel plans and interests.
In summary, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to the best months for teeth implants in Istanbul, Turkey. Patients should consider factors such as weather, tourist season, personal comfort, and travel plans when scheduling their dental implant procedures. It's advisable to consult with your chosen dental clinic to discuss availability and determine the most suitable time for your treatment.
At Citydent Istanbul, we predominantly offer well-regarded brands such as ITI Straumann, Osstem, Hiossen, and Medentica, all of which align with the criteria outlined. However, it's important to note that our selection isn't limited to these brands alone; there are various other reputable options that also meet the same high standards. In specific circumstances, we extend our services in Istanbul Citydent to include Bego, Astra, Mis, Tekka, Vis, Xive, Biomentri 3i, Sky Bredent, CSM, and Innova implants. This diverse range allows us to tailor our recommendations to your individual needs, ensuring the best possible outcome for your tooth implant journey.
Selection Criteria for Turkey teeth Implants
Long-Term Support and Availability:
Choose an implant brand that has a wide global presence and is readily available in your own country. Having the implant brand available locally ensures that you can access ongoing support, maintenance, and follow-up care from trained professionals. This is important for the long-term success of your implant, as regular check-ups and adjustments may be required over time. A brand with a strong international network of certified clinics and professionals can offer you peace of mind knowing that support is accessible beyond the initial procedure.
Reputation and Quality:
When considering tooth implant brands, prioritize those with a strong reputation for producing high-quality implants. Look for brands that have a history of innovation, precision engineering, and positive feedback from both dental professionals and patients. Research their success rates, clinical studies, and the materials they use. Reputable brands often invest in research and development to ensure their implants are designed to offer the best possible outcomes.
While cost is a factor, it's important to strike a balance between price and performance. Consider tooth implant brands that offer good value for your investment. Some implant brands might be more affordable without sacrificing quality and reliability. Evaluate the overall package, including the implant's success rates, durability, and the reputation of the brand, in relation to the cost. Remember that dental implants are a long-term investment in your oral health, so prioritize quality over the lowest price.
When making your final decision, consult with a qualified dentist in Turkey for teeth implants. They can provide personalized advice based on your specific dental situation, ensuring that the chosen implant brand aligns with your needs and expectations.
Turkey has become a popular destination for dental tourism, including dental implants. Some of the most popular destinations for tooth implant in Turkey include:
İstanbul Turkey teeth implants: As the largest city in Turkey, Istanbul has a large number of dental clinics offering a range of services, including dental implants. The city is also a popular tourist destination, offering a unique cultural experience for visitors.
Antalya Turkey teeth implants: Located on the southern coast of Turkey, Antalya is known for its beautiful beaches and historic landmarks. The city also has a number of dental clinics that offer high-quality dental implant treatment.
İzmir Turkey teeth implants: As the third-largest city in Turkey, Izmir has a thriving medical tourism industry. The city has a number of dental clinics that offer dental implants and other dental treatments.
Ankara Turkey teeth implants: As the capital of Turkey, Ankara has a large number of dental clinics offering a range of dental treatments, including dental implants.
Bodrum Turkey teeth implants: Located on the Aegean coast of Turkey, Bodrum is known for its beautiful beaches and historic landmarks. The city also has a number of dental clinics that offer high-quality dental implant treatment.
Overall, Turkey has a large number of dental clinics that offer dental implant treatment at affordable prices. With its beautiful scenery and rich cultural heritage, Turkey is also a great destination for those who want to combine dental treatment with a vacation.
Teeth implants turkey price:While Turkey offers competitive prices for teeth implants, it's not the absolute cheapest country you'll find. There are other destinations that may offer even lower costs. However, the distinction lies in the balance between affordability and quality. If you're seeking both exceptional value and top-notch dental care, Turkey remains a strong contender. Renowned for its high-quality clinics, Turkey offers a blend of affordability and excellence that's recognized on a global scale. When choosing where to undergo teeth implants, keep in mind that while there may be cheaper options, Turkey's reputation for providing exceptional results in world-class facilities makes it a top choice for many patients seeking a comprehensive and reliable dental solution.
Opting for the cheapest option might not be the wisest choice when considering your long-term health. While cost is a factor, it's essential to prioritize the quality and safety of your dental procedures. Choosing a reputable clinic with experienced professionals, modern facilities, and a track record of successful outcomes ensures that you receive proper treatment and post-operative care.
Istanbul's Position as a Premier Destination for Turkey Teeth: A Comparison with Other Turkish Cities
Turkey has emerged as a global hub for dental tourism, and within this thriving industry, Istanbul has solidified its position as a premier destination for "Turkey Teeth" procedures. The city's dental clinics have garnered international recognition for their excellence in providing comprehensive dental solutions. In this article, we will not only explore why Istanbul is at the forefront of dental care but also compare its standing with other Turkish cities in the field of "Turkey Teeth."
Istanbul: A Dental Hub of Excellence
Affordable Excellence: Istanbul's reputation as a cost-effective destination for dental treatments, including "Turkey Teeth" procedures, is well-established. The city offers high-quality dental care at a fraction of the cost when compared to many Western countries. This affordability factor attracts patients from around the world to Istanbul.
World-Class Clinics: Istanbul houses a multitude of world-class dental clinics that specialize in "Turkey Teeth" procedures. These clinics are equipped with cutting-edge technology and staffed by highly skilled professionals who adhere to international standards of dental care. Patients can trust that they are receiving top-notch treatment in Istanbul's renowned clinics.
Skilled Dentists: Istanbul boasts a growing community of skilled dentists, many of whom are experts in implantology and "Turkey Teeth" procedures. These specialists offer a wide range of implant solutions, ensuring that patients receive the highest quality of care tailored to their unique dental needs.
Cultural Riches: Beyond dental care, Istanbul offers a rich cultural experience for patients. The city's history, art, and cuisine provide a delightful backdrop to dental treatments, making the overall experience more enriching and memorable.
Short Wait Times: Istanbul distinguishes itself from some Western countries by offering shorter waiting times for dental procedures. This allows patients to schedule "Turkey Teeth" treatments more conveniently, minimizing unnecessary delays.
Personalized Attention: Dental professionals in Istanbul prioritize personalized care for "Turkey Teeth" patients. They take the time to understand each patient's specific requirements, ensuring a tailored approach to achieving the perfect "Turkey Teeth" smile.
Comparing Istanbul with Other Turkish Cities
While Istanbul shines as a premier destination for "Turkey Teeth" procedures, other Turkish cities also offer notable dental care options. Cities like Ankara, Izmir, and Antalya have their own strengths in the field of dental tourism. However, Istanbul maintains a distinct edge in several key aspects:
Variety of Clinics: Istanbul boasts a greater number and variety of dental clinics specializing in "Turkey Teeth" procedures, providing patients with more choices and specialized expertise.
Cultural Experience: The cultural richness and diversity of experiences in Istanbul set it apart as a destination. Patients can immerse themselves in the city's vibrant culture, enhancing their overall journey.
Affordability: Istanbul's competitive pricing for dental treatments remains a compelling draw, making it a cost-effective choice for patients seeking "Turkey Teeth."
Accessibility: Istanbul's well-connected airports and transportation infrastructure make it highly accessible to international patients.
International Recognition: Istanbul's dental clinics have received widespread international recognition, reinforcing their credibility and appeal.
In conclusion, Istanbul's position as a premier destination for "Turkey Teeth" procedures is well-deserved and supported by various factors that set it apart. While other Turkish cities offer commendable dental care options, Istanbul's combination of affordability, world-class clinics, skilled dentists, cultural experiences, short wait times, and personalized attention make it the standout choice for those seeking exceptional "Turkey Teeth" treatments. Istanbul's reputation in the field of dental tourism is expected to continue to flourish, attracting patients from across the globe.
In recent years, Turkey has emerged as a leading destination for dental tourism, attracting thousands of international patients seeking high-quality dental treatments, including teeth implants. The popularity of "Turkey Teeth Implants" has been on the rise for several reasons, making it a favored choice for individuals looking to restore their smiles and oral health.
In this blog post, we will delve into the factors contributing to the widespread popularity of "Turkey Teeth Implants" in Turkey, exploring the key elements that have positioned the country as a top choice for dental implant procedures.
Affordability: One of the primary reasons behind the popularity of "Turkey Teeth Implants" in Turkey is the cost-effectiveness of the procedures. Dental treatments in Turkey are often significantly more affordable than in many Western countries, making them accessible to a broader range of patients.
High-Quality Care: Despite the lower costs, Turkey boasts a high standard of dental care for "Turkey Teeth Implants." Many dental clinics and practitioners in Turkey are equipped with modern technology and employ highly trained professionals who adhere to international dental standards.
Experienced Dentists: Turkey has a growing number of experienced and skilled dentists specializing in "Turkey Teeth Implants" and implantology. These professionals offer a wide range of implant solutions, ensuring that patients receive top-notch care and personalized treatment plans tailored for "Turkey Teeth."
Tourism Opportunities: Combining dental treatments with a vacation is an attractive proposition for many patients seeking "Turkey Teeth Implants." Turkey's rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture make it an ideal destination for dental tourists who can explore the country while receiving dental care for "Turkey Teeth."
State-of-the-Art Facilities: Many dental clinics in Turkey feature state-of-the-art facilities and use the latest technologies for "Turkey Teeth Implants" procedures. This commitment to innovation ensures that patients benefit from advanced treatment options when it comes to their "Turkey Teeth."
Short Waiting Times: In many Western countries, patients may encounter long waiting times for dental procedures. Turkey offers shorter waiting times, allowing patients to schedule "Turkey Teeth Implants" treatments more conveniently and with less delay.
Personalized Care: Dental professionals in Turkey prioritize personalized care for "Turkey Teeth Implants," taking the time to understand each patient's unique needs and expectations. This approach fosters patient trust and satisfaction throughout the process of receiving "Turkey Teeth Implants."
International Accreditation: Some dental clinics in Turkey have earned international accreditation, further enhancing their credibility and reliability in providing dental implant treatments, including "Turkey Teeth Implants."
In conclusion, the growing popularity of "Turkey Teeth Implants" is a testament to the country's commitment to offering affordable, high-quality dental care in a welcoming and culturally rich environment. As more patients discover the benefits of "Turkey Teeth Implants," the nation is poised to remain a prominent destination for dental tourism and implant procedures, specifically for "Turkey Teeth."
Both Turkey and Hungary are popular destinations for tooth implant treatment due to their relatively affordable prices and high-quality dental care. However, there are some differences to consider when comparing these two options:
Cost: Generally speaking, tooth implant treatment in Turkey is often more affordable than in Hungary. However, the exact cost will depend on the individual clinic and the specific treatment needed.
Location: Turkey and Hungary are both located in Europe, but they are in different regions. Turkey is located in the Middle East, while Hungary is in Central Europe. This may impact travel arrangements and costs for patients.
Language: Turkish is the official language of Turkey, while Hungarian is the official language of Hungary. English is commonly spoken in both countries.
Culture: Turkey and Hungary have distinct cultures and ways of life that may impact a patient's experience. Hungary is known for its rich history and cultural heritage, while Turkey is known for its blend of European and Middle Eastern influences.
Quality of care: Both Turkey and Hungary have well-regarded dental professionals and clinics that provide high-quality care. However, it's important to do research and choose a reputable clinic with experienced dental professionals and a proven track record of success.
Ultimately, the decision between Turkey and Hungary for dental implant treatment will depend on individual factors such as cost, location, language, and personal preferences. It's important to carefully consider all of these factors and choose a dental clinic that can provide high-quality care and a positive overall experience.