Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, usually caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms of gingivitis include red, tender, swollen and/or bleeding gums. There is inflammation in the gums.
It is a slowly developing gum disease, usually seen in adults. It does not manifest any distinctive symptoms other than a regular gum disease. It is characterized by slow destruction of the tissues (alveolar bone, periodontal ligament) that support the teeth.
It is a rare periodontitis type seen at an early age. It is characterized by severe bone destruction. It displays a strong genetic influence and shows familial aggregation. Individuals usually lose their teeth by shaking. As there are no obvious complaints until the teeth start to shake, patients do not need to visit a dentist. If you visit your dentist regularly at least once a year, you can protect your teeth before your teeth begin to shake.
Gingival recession is the retraction of the gums towards the teeth roots, leaving the root surface exposed. Receding gums may ocur both becasue of thr malposition of tooth or due to various traumas such as brushing hard and with wrong technique. When the gums are retracted, the primary treatment is to eliminate the cause. In the second stage, operations are carried out to prevent the recession or to cover it if possible. These operations can be easily performed under local anesthesia.
Bleeding while brushing or spontaneously
Itching, bad smell, gum recession
Surface of teeth roots are exposed
All kind of treatment for gingival diseases begin with scaling and oral hygiene. If the disease is limited only with the gums it is sufficient to clean the teeth and to pay special attention to oral hygiene. During this process, plaques, tartar and stains are usually removed using ultrasonic cleaners and some hand tools. In advanced cases where the disease has caused bone loss, it may be necessary to perform “root planning” flap operations. In some cases it may be possible to obtain partial or complete recovery of the lost bone with products such as bone grafts or enamel matrix proteins applied during these operations. As a result of periodontal treatment, it is important for your dentist to observe the results of the treatments with regular checkups.
If root planning is required, the process can last at least two to six sessions. However in some cases it is also possible to complete treatment in a single long session (approximately 90-120 minutes) for a “Full Mouth Disinfection”.
Although there are no studies showing that smoking is precisely the cause of gum disease, many studies have found that smoking accelerates bone loss in individuals who have gum diseases.
Gum diseases are associated with other health problems such as diabetes, low birth weight and various lung diseases. Many studies have shown that especially in people with diabetes, periodontitis is quite common.
You can use any toothpaste as long as your dentist does not recommend a specific one.
During the treatment procedure, you will not feel any pain as you will have local anesthesia. Some operations may cause temporary tingling. The reason for this is the removal of tartar from surfaces of your teeth roots that occur due to gingival recessions.
You will usually be called up at 4, 6 or 12 months to check up, but your dentist may suggest a different checkup schedule depending on your situation.
Dental scaling does not cause tooth erosion because only tartar, plaques and dirt accumulated on the surface of your teeth are cleaned.